Liposuction is a surgical technique that improves the body’s contour by removing excess fat between the skin and muscle. Liposuction involves using a small stainless steel tube, called a cannula. The cannula is connected to a powerful suction pump and inserted into the fat through small incisions in the skin. Fat removal is accomplished as the suction cannula creates tiny tunnels through the fatty layers. After surgery, these tiny tunnels collapse, resulting in an improved body contour.
Liposuction removes fat deposits that can be difficult to get rid of through diet and exercise. Common areas for liposuction include the cheeks and chin, neck, upper arms, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves and ankles.
Liposuction is generally an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia, and side effects include temporary swelling, bruising and soreness. More extensive liposuction procedures may be done in a hospital setting under general anesthesia.